Tag Defense studies

Tag Defense studies

Congratulations to Francesca Artioli, who has recently received her PhD in political science cum laude

Josselin Droff March 3, 2015 Tags: , , , , Uncategorized No comments

In December 2014, Francesca Artioli defended her PhD dissertation entitled “The army, the city and the State. Military retrenchment, urban policies and the transformations of territorial integration in France and Italy” (in French) at the Centre d’Etudes Européennes (CEE) of Sciences Po, Paris. She was awarded a PhD degree “summa cum laude” in political science.

Her dissertation deals with issues regarding public policies and territorial differentiation that have risen as a result of three contemporary phenomena: sectorial structural adjustments and their corresponding territorial impacts; the rescaling of political authority; and the emergence of a variety of local governance models. It analyses the evolution of six cities historically modelled by defense policy, in light of recent defense policy reforms and the rise in local government competencies.

It demonstrates the need to analyze locally-specific forms of national and local public intervention and their reciprocal interactions to understand urban and social evolutions. It develops a framework inspired by historical sociology of the State that conceptualizes the links between public policy and territorial structuring and integration.

On one hand, territorial retrenchment of defense policy varies across cities, as a result of negotiations between central defense and financial administrations and increasing local government lobbying of the central State. On the other hand, it illustrates the varying degrees to which local governments are capable of organizing and managing public intervention and can transform spaces which are historically structured by the State. This capacity hinges upon the nature of urban political agendas; the existing means of institutionalized collective action; as well as upon the ways in which the State operates in cities. Francesca’s dissertation helps redefine central/local relations in the context of decentralization and budgetary constraints.

Francesca Artioli is currently a junior lecturer at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques of Bordeaux and an associate researcher at the CEE.

Congratulations to Vincent Boulanin, who has just received his PhD in defense studies cum laude

Defense & Realms October 21, 2014 Tags: , , , , News No comments

On October 7th, 2014, Vincent Boulanin defended his PhD dissertation entitled From Defense to Security, Economic and political issues of the diversification of European armament firms in the field of security (in French) at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris. He was awarded a PhD degree “summa cum laude” in defense studies.

Vincent Boulanin is a researcher at SIPRI, Stockholm. He works on issues related to the production, use and control of emerging military and security technologies, notably cybersecurity and cyberwarfare.

His dissertation deals with the geopolitical causes, economic aspects and political consequences of the diversification of the European arms industry into the realm of security. The objective was to study the so-called “defense-security continuum” at the industry level.

His thesis is that arms producers are not only reacting to a growing demand for security goods and services. They actively take part in the definition and implementation of security policies to the extent that they can shape public demand for the latter. The argument is based on an original approach that combines the empiricism of the arms production literature with the reflexivity of the constructivist literature on security policies in International Relations.

Section I explains why arms producers had to diversify into the security realm to cope with the post-9/11 order. They had to find new growth drivers and they had to reinvent their legitimacy in a context where the landmarks of the defense community were eroding.

Section II presents empirical evidence of such diversification and analyzes to what extent this is a complex phenomenon that cannot be analyzed only through the opposition civil/military.

Section III consists of two cases studies on border security and cyber-security. Both show how arms produced have expanded their influence on the definition and implementation of public security policies.