In December 2014, Francesca Artioli defended her PhD dissertation entitled “The army, the city and the State. Military retrenchment, urban policies and the transformations of territorial integration in France and Italy” (in French) at the Centre d’Etudes Européennes (CEE) of Sciences Po, Paris. She was awarded a PhD degree “summa cum laude” in political science.
Her dissertation deals with issues regarding public policies and territorial differentiation that have risen as a result of three contemporary phenomena: sectorial structural adjustments and their corresponding territorial impacts; the rescaling of political authority; and the emergence of a variety of local governance models. It analyses the evolution of six cities historically modelled by defense policy, in light of recent defense policy reforms and the rise in local government competencies.
It demonstrates the need to analyze locally-specific forms of national and local public intervention and their reciprocal interactions to understand urban and social evolutions. It develops a framework inspired by historical sociology of the State that conceptualizes the links between public policy and territorial structuring and integration.
On one hand, territorial retrenchment of defense policy varies across cities, as a result of negotiations between central defense and financial administrations and increasing local government lobbying of the central State. On the other hand, it illustrates the varying degrees to which local governments are capable of organizing and managing public intervention and can transform spaces which are historically structured by the State. This capacity hinges upon the nature of urban political agendas; the existing means of institutionalized collective action; as well as upon the ways in which the State operates in cities. Francesca’s dissertation helps redefine central/local relations in the context of decentralization and budgetary constraints.
Francesca Artioli is currently a junior lecturer at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques of Bordeaux and an associate researcher at the CEE.