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France – Italy Strategic Forum (14 April 2015, Roma)

Josselin Droff March 30, 2015 Tags: , , , , , Uncategorized No comments
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The Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), in cooperation with the Institut Français Italia, organizes a France-Italy Strategic Forum with the aim to analyze and discuss a number of issues on which outlining synergies scenarios and possible bilateral cooperations between the two countries. The project includes the drafting of three background papers and the organization of three conferences with Italian and French experts in the field of energy, defence and projection to the south of the Mediterranean (from Maghreb to Sub-Saharan Africa).

For more information see: http://www.iai.it/en/ricerche/france-italy-strategic-forum

Workshop “Costs of Destructive Entrepreneurship and Economic Performance” (31 March 2015, Paris)

Josselin Droff March 9, 2015 Tags: , , , Publications No comments

On 31st March 2015, Centre d’Économie de la Sorbonne (University of Paris 1) and Laboratoire d’Economie Dionysien (University of Paris 8) co-organize a research workshop at the Maison des Sciences Economiques, Paris, dedicated to the “Costs of destructive entrepreneurial activity and economic performance,” a major but underexplored issue in economics.
The title of this workshop refers to William J. Baumol’s article “Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive, and Destructive” (Journal of Political Economy, 1990) in which all conflictual activities (e.g. war, civil war, violent conflicts) and criminal ones (e.g. mafia) were analyzed through the prism of entrepreneurship but in a destructive way.

Thus two questions can be identified:
1) What explains that resources are allocated to this kind of appropriative and conflictual activities?
2) What are the costs and benefits related to such activities?
The recent literature in the political economy of conflicts and crime aims at exploring both questions.

This workshop will take place 106-112 boulevard de l’Hôpital 75013 Paris (6th floor), metro station “Campo Formio” (Line 5).

Please contact Antoine Pietri for additional information and register: antoine.pietri@univ-paris1.fr

Congratulations to Francesca Artioli, who has recently received her PhD in political science cum laude

Josselin Droff March 3, 2015 Tags: , , , , Uncategorized No comments

In December 2014, Francesca Artioli defended her PhD dissertation entitled “The army, the city and the State. Military retrenchment, urban policies and the transformations of territorial integration in France and Italy” (in French) at the Centre d’Etudes Européennes (CEE) of Sciences Po, Paris. She was awarded a PhD degree “summa cum laude” in political science.

Her dissertation deals with issues regarding public policies and territorial differentiation that have risen as a result of three contemporary phenomena: sectorial structural adjustments and their corresponding territorial impacts; the rescaling of political authority; and the emergence of a variety of local governance models. It analyses the evolution of six cities historically modelled by defense policy, in light of recent defense policy reforms and the rise in local government competencies.

It demonstrates the need to analyze locally-specific forms of national and local public intervention and their reciprocal interactions to understand urban and social evolutions. It develops a framework inspired by historical sociology of the State that conceptualizes the links between public policy and territorial structuring and integration.

On one hand, territorial retrenchment of defense policy varies across cities, as a result of negotiations between central defense and financial administrations and increasing local government lobbying of the central State. On the other hand, it illustrates the varying degrees to which local governments are capable of organizing and managing public intervention and can transform spaces which are historically structured by the State. This capacity hinges upon the nature of urban political agendas; the existing means of institutionalized collective action; as well as upon the ways in which the State operates in cities. Francesca’s dissertation helps redefine central/local relations in the context of decentralization and budgetary constraints.

Francesca Artioli is currently a junior lecturer at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques of Bordeaux and an associate researcher at the CEE.

Relations between the United States of America and Italy in the post-Cold War period: a defense-industrial perspective

Josselin Droff January 27, 2015 Tags: , , , Publications No comments

Relations between the United States of America and Italy in the post-Cold War period: a defense-industrial perspective
Cahiers de la Méditerranée, n° 88 (juin 2014), p. 157-181
Alessandro Marrone and Alessandro R. Ungaro

This article analyzes U.S.-Italian relations after 1989 from a defence-industrial perspective. It argues that the concentration and internationalization of the Italian defence industry, particularly through the creation of Finmeccanica, influenced bilateral relations by introducing a new element into defence industrial cooperation between the two countries.

Military procurement programs involving American and Italian governments and industries, based on several memorandums of understanding, have become an important component of transatlantic relations. In turn, these programs are influenced by the broader military and political relations between the United States and Italy, which have been particularly intense regarding Italy’s contribution to U.S.-led crisis management operations in Europe, Central Asia and the greater Mediterranean.

The paper argues that there is a two-way relationship between defence industrial cooperation and politico-military cooperation.

Just released: La piraterie au fil de l’histoire: Un défi pour l’État (in French)

Josselin Droff December 15, 2014 Tags: , , , Publications No comments
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“La piraterie au fil de l’histoire : Un défi pour l’État”
(Presses de l’Université Paris Sorbonne, 480 pp)

Since the 1990s, maritime piracy re-emerged in statistics, as an immemorial and timeless phenomenon. This collective book, edited by Michèle Battesti (IRSEM), provides an overview of the main past and current trends in maritime piracy. It questions piracy from antiquity to the present, to understand the successes and failures of pirates practices, factors favoring their emergence and the reality of the threats they pose to the freedom of the seas. Authors also discuss the means taken by States to fight pirates to eradicate or contain them to an acceptable level.

Renaud Bellais and Josselin Droff wrote a chapter in this book: “La lutte contre la piraterie comme bien public international : une analyse économique” (pp 233-249).

Buy the book online

Free sample chapters available! “The Evolving Boundaries of Defence”

Defense & Realms November 10, 2014 Publications No comments
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Sample chapters for free until 28 November 2014

“The Evolving Boundaries of Defence:
An Assessment of Recent Shifts in Defence Activities”

Series: Contributions to Conflict Management, Peace Economics and Development Editor: Renaud Bellais, ENSTA Bretagne, France
ISBN: 9781783509744, EISBN: 9781783509652, ISSN: 1572-8323
List Price: £72.95, €97.95, $124.95   Publication date: 13 August 2014

emerald-books-logo-picto-200x280This volume analyses key features of recent and on-going transformations of defence issues, from four perspectives. The first section considers those factors which are redefining the boundaries of defence, with a focus on defence economics; part two focuses on the spatial footprint of defence and its transformations and analyses the insertion of defence activities within urban landscapes; the third part analyses how armed forces manage their human resources; and the final section considers the international landscape of defence.

Sample chapters

  • Defence Firms beyond National Borders: Internationalisation or Multi- Domestic Approach?
    Renaud Bellais and Susan Jackson
  • Regional Representation in the U.S. Military
    Cindy Williams
  • Defence Restructuring and Local Policies. The Case of Taranto, a Military Port on the Mediterranean Sea
    Francesca Artioli

 

Access the highlighted
sample chapters for free

Visit: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/book/10.1108/S1572-8323201423

Access valid: 29 October – 28 November 2014

How to order

To request an inspection copy for course adoption please e-mail adoptionrequests@emeraldinsight.com

To order online, visit our Bookstore at : http://books.emeraldinsight.com

If you have any general ordering issues please e-mail your details to books@emeraldinsight.com

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Congratulations to Vincent Boulanin, who has just received his PhD in defense studies cum laude

Defense & Realms October 21, 2014 Tags: , , , , News No comments

On October 7th, 2014, Vincent Boulanin defended his PhD dissertation entitled From Defense to Security, Economic and political issues of the diversification of European armament firms in the field of security (in French) at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris. He was awarded a PhD degree “summa cum laude” in defense studies.

Vincent Boulanin is a researcher at SIPRI, Stockholm. He works on issues related to the production, use and control of emerging military and security technologies, notably cybersecurity and cyberwarfare.

His dissertation deals with the geopolitical causes, economic aspects and political consequences of the diversification of the European arms industry into the realm of security. The objective was to study the so-called “defense-security continuum” at the industry level.

His thesis is that arms producers are not only reacting to a growing demand for security goods and services. They actively take part in the definition and implementation of security policies to the extent that they can shape public demand for the latter. The argument is based on an original approach that combines the empiricism of the arms production literature with the reflexivity of the constructivist literature on security policies in International Relations.

Section I explains why arms producers had to diversify into the security realm to cope with the post-9/11 order. They had to find new growth drivers and they had to reinvent their legitimacy in a context where the landmarks of the defense community were eroding.

Section II presents empirical evidence of such diversification and analyzes to what extent this is a complex phenomenon that cannot be analyzed only through the opposition civil/military.

Section III consists of two cases studies on border security and cyber-security. Both show how arms produced have expanded their influence on the definition and implementation of public security policies.

Just released: The Evolving Boundaries of Defence, An Assessment of Recent Shifts in Defence Activities

Defense & Realms September 5, 2014 Tags: , , , , Publications No comments

“The Evolving Boundaries of Defence, An Assessment of Recent Shifts in Defence Activities (Emerald, 280 pp)”

Since the 1990s the industry has gradually repositioned because of geostrategic transformations, spatial reorganisation, budgetary trends, and evolutions within the production of defence per se, which have disrupted its economic and social fabric.

This collective book, edited by Renaud Bellais, analyses key features of recent and ongoing transformations of defence issues, from four perspectives.

The first section considers those factors which are redefining the boundaries of defence, with a focus on defence economics; part two focuses on the spatial footprint of defence and its transformations and analyses the insertion of defence activities within urban landscapes; the third part analyses how armed forces manage their human resources; and the final section considers the international landscape of defence.

book series contributions-to-conflict-management-peace-economics and development